How to Use Medical Terminology in Your OET Writing

Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology in OET Writing

The OET writing test requires you to use medical terminology accurately and appropriately. This can be challenging, as medical terminology can be complex, and there are many different terms to learn. However, you can do a few things to improve your use of medical terminology in your OET writing.

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1. Learn the Basics

The first step to using medical terminology effectively is to learn the basics. This includes understanding the most common medical terms and the prefixes, suffixes, and roots that make up medical terms. Many resources are available to help you learn medical terminology basics, such as textbooks, online courses, and flashcards.

Common Medical Terms

Some of the most common medical terms include:

  • Patient: An individual who is currently undergoing medical treatment.
  • Doctor: A licensed medical professional who provides diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
  • Nurse: A licensed medical professional who provides care to patients.
  • Hospital: A facility that provides medical care to patients.
  • Surgery: A common practice in the medical field that entails creating cuts in the physical form..


Prefixes are word parts added to the beginning of words to change their meaning. Some common prefixes in medical terminology include:

  • a-: without (asymptomatic)
  • dys-: abnormal (dysfunction)
  • hyper-: excessive (hypertension)
  • hypo-: below normal (hypoglycemia)
  • mal-: bad (malignant)


Suffixes are word parts added to the end of words to change their meaning. Some common suffixes in medical terminology include:

  • -itis: inflammation (arthritis)
  • -oma: tumor (neoplasm)
  • -logy: study of (neurology)
  • -sis: condition (diabetes)
  • -tomy: incision (laparotomy)

2. Use a Medical Dictionary

A medical dictionary is a valuable tool for anyone needing medical terminology. A good medical dictionary will define medical terms, provide pronunciations, and give examples of the terms used in a sentence. Many medical dictionaries are available, so be sure to choose one that is comprehensive and easy to use.

3. Be Consistent

When using medical terminology, it is essential to be consistent. This means using the same terms throughout your writing and using them correctly. If you need help with how to use a particular term, consult a medical dictionary or ask a medical professional.

4. Avoid Jargon

Jargon is a technical language that a particular group of people uses. In the medical field, Jargon can be useful for communicating with other medical professionals. However, avoiding using Jargon in your OET writing is essential, as the examiner may need help understanding it.

5. Use Proper Grammar and Punctuation

It is essential to use proper grammar and punctuation when using medical terminology. This will help to ensure that your writing is clear and concise. Many resources are available to help you learn the correct grammar and punctuation for medical writing.

6. Practice

The best way to improve your use of medical terminology in your OET writing is to practice. This means writing about medical topics as often as possible. You can practice by writing essays, letters, or reports. You can also practice by translating medical texts from English to another language.


Using medical terminology correctly and appropriately is essential for success on the OET writing test. By reading this blog post, you can enhance your medical terminology and increase your chances of passing the test.

Examples of Medical Terminology

  • Appendicitis: inflammation of the appendix
  • Diabetes: A chronic medical condition that impacts the body’s ability to metabolize sugar.
  • Heart attack:A sudden lack of blood flow to the heart.
  • Stroke: A sudden lack of blood flow to the brain.
  • Cancer: There is a group of diseases that are defined by the presence of abnormal cell growth.
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