How to write a strong introduction and conclusion for your IELTS Writing task 2 essay

Introduction IELTS Writing

In the IELTS Writing Task 2 realm, your introduction and conclusion serve as the foundation and pinnacle of your essay. A compelling introduction draws the reader in, while a well-crafted conclusion leaves a lasting impact. Learn how to write better IELTS Writing Task 2 articles by improving your introduction and conclusion techniques. Examples included.

The Gateway to Your Essay – Crafting Strong Introductions  

An Engaging Opener

  • Begin with an engaging hook that piques the reader’s curiosity.
  • For instance: “Are you aware that the world consumes over 1 million plastic bottles per minute?”

The Anatomy of an Effective Introduction 

Clear Thesis Statement

  • Articulate your stance and a concise overview of your main arguments.
  • Example: “In this essay, I will discuss the detrimental impact of plastic bottle consumption on the environment and explore potential solutions.”

 Leaving a Resonating Mark – Mastering Conclusions 

Summarizing Main Points

  • Summarize the key points you’ve addressed in the body of your essay.
  • Example: “To conclude, the urgent need to reduce plastic bottle consumption is evident from its ecological consequences and societal costs.”

 Elevating Your Conclusion 

 Providing a Thoughtful Insight

  • Offer a broader perspective that encourages the reader to ponder the implications.
  • Example: “By reimagining our relationship with disposable plastics, we pave the way for a more sustainable and harmonious future.”

Demonstrating the Do’s and Don’ts 


  • Keep your introduction and conclusion concise and focused.
  • Example: “The introduction should be limited to around 2-3 sentences, while the conclusion should also be succinct, wrapping up your ideas.”


  • Avoid introducing new arguments or information in the conclusion.
  • Example: “It’s crucial to not delve into new topics in conclusion, as this can confuse the reader and dilute your essay’s impact.”

Putting Theory into Practice 

Practising Introductions and Conclusions

  • Write mock essays to experiment with various introduction and conclusion styles.
  • Example: “Consider crafting multiple versions of your introduction and conclusion to refine your skills.”

Now, let’s delve deeper into these strategies with concrete examples:

  • Engaging Opener: Begin with a fascinating fact, a rhetorical question, or a relevant anecdote to captivate your reader.
  • Clear Thesis Statement: A strong thesis sets the direction for your essay. Clearly state your position and the key points you’ll address.
  • Summarizing Main Points: In your conclusion, reiterate the main arguments you discussed without introducing new ideas.
  • Providing a Thoughtful Insight: Offer a broader perspective or a thought-provoking question that encourages reflection on the topic’s significance.
  • Do’s and Don’ts: Maintain a balance between brevity and clarity. Avoid introducing new concepts in the conclusion.
  • Practising Introductions and Conclusions: Write practice essays to experiment with different styles. Seek feedback to improve.


Mastering the art of constructing compelling introductions and conclusions is vital for acing your IELTS Writing Task 2 essays. Your essays will shine by employing attention-grabbing openers, delivering clear thesis statements, summarizing main points, and providing insightful perspectives. Remember, practice makes perfect. Through dedicated training and meticulous refinement, you’ll become adept at crafting introductions and conclusions that leave a lasting impression on the examiner. Best of luck on your IELTS journey!

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