OET Writing – Your Path to Excellence

This blog aims to provide valuable insights and tips to excel in this crucial assessment. The OET Writing test evaluates your ability to communicate effectively in healthcare, making it essential for aspiring healthcare professionals. Let’s dive into the critical components of the test to help you achieve a high score.

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What is OET Writing test?

The OET Writing test is a component of the Occupational English Test (OET), a language test for healthcare professionals. The Writing test assesses your ability to write clear, concise, and professional letters in English.

The Writing test is 40 minutes long and consists of one task. You will be given a set of case notes and asked to write a letter to a healthcare professional. 

Simulation vs Reality

The OET Writing test is a simulation of a real-world task that healthcare professionals may be required to complete. The case notes that you are given are based on real patient cases, and the letter that you write is expected to be written in a professional and clear style. However, there are some important differences between the OET Writing test and a real-world task.

Time: The OET Writing test is timed, and you will only have 40 minutes to complete the task. This means that you need to be able to plan and write your letter efficiently. In a real-world task, you may have more time to complete the task.

Audience: The OET Writing test is assessed by an examiner who is not familiar with the patient or the case. In a real-world task, you may write to a colleague or another healthcare professional familiar with the patient and the case. You must be more explicit in your letter and provide more background information.

Format: The OET Writing test requires you to format your letter in a specific way. You may have more flexibility in formatting your letter in a real-world task.

Analyzing the case notes

  • Identify the purpose of the letter. What do you want to communicate to the reader? Are you providing a discharge summary, a referral letter, or a consultation report? The purpose of the letter will determine the information you need to include.
  • Identify the audience. Who are you writing to? Is it a doctor, a nurse, or a patient? The audience will affect the tone and style of your writing.
  • Select the relevant information. Not all of the information in the case notes is relevant to the letter’s purpose. Read the notes carefully and identify the most vital information to include.
  • Organize the information logically. Once you have selected the relevant information, you need to organize it in a way that is easy for the reader to understand. This may involve creating headings, subheadings, or bullet points.
  • Write in a clear and concise style. The OET writing test is scored on content, conciseness, and clarity. Make sure your letter is easy to read and understand.
  • Proofread your letter carefully. Before you submit your letter, proofread it for any grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors.

Task Instructions

Thoroughly understanding the task instructions is essential for a successful OET Writing test. These instructions provide crucial guidance on the type of writing required, the intended audience, and any specific requirements or constraints. Take the time to analyze the instructions, ensuring a clear understanding of the task’s objectives. You will effectively meet the assessment criteria by following instructions closely.

Reading Time

The OET Writing test begins with a designated reading time. This period allows you to carefully examine the task instructions, case notes, and accompanying materials. Utilize this time effectively by reading the provided information and noting critical details. Pay attention to the patient’s condition, medical history, and any specific requirements outlined. This reading time is crucial for understanding the context and planning your response.

Writing Time:

Once the reading time concludes, the writing time begins. This is when you compose your response based on task instructions and case notes. It is essential to manage your time efficiently during this phase. Allocate enough time for planning, writing, and reviewing your work. Remember to stay focused and maintain a steady pace to ensure the completion of a well-structured and cohesive piece.

Planning your letter

Read the case notes carefully. Take your time to read through the case notes and make sure you understand the patient’s medical history, current condition, and treatment plan.

Identify the purpose of the letter. What do you want to achieve with this letter? Are you writing to refer the patient to another specialist, to discharge the patient from your care, or to update the patient’s family on their condition?

Select the relevant information. Not all of the information in the case notes will be relevant to the purpose of your letter. Take time to identify the most critical information and exclude any irrelevant information.

Organize the information. Once you select the relevant information, you must organize it logically. This will help you to write a clear and concise letter.

Write a draft of your letter. Once you have organized the information, you can start to write a draft of your letter. Be sure to use formal language and proofread your letter carefully before submitting it.

Here is a sample outline for an OET Writing letter:


State the purpose of the letter.

Introduce the patient.

Provide a brief overview of the patient’s medical history.


Discuss the patient’s current condition.

Describe the patient’s treatment plan.

Provide any other relevant information.


Summarise the main points of the letter.

State your recommendations.

Here are some additional tips for writing an effective OET Writing letter:

Use formal language. This means avoiding contractions, slang, and informal expressions.

Use correct grammar and punctuation.

Proofread your letter carefully before submitting it.

Writing clear and concise letter

Dear [Recipient Name],


I am writing to you today to discuss the case of [Patient Name]. [Patient Name] is a [age]-year-old [gender] who was diagnosed with [condition] on [date].

[Patient Name] has been experiencing [symptoms] since [date]. [He/She] has been treated with [treatment] but has not responded satisfactorily.

I believe that [Patient Name] would benefit from your expertise in [area of expertise]. I would be grateful if you would consider seeing [him/her] for further evaluation and treatment.

Body Para

You can discuss the patient’s condition in more detail in the body paragraph. You can also describe the patient’s treatment plan and provide any other relevant information.

In conclusion, you can summarise the letter’s main points and state your recommendations.

This letter has been helpful. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me.


[Your Signature]

[Your Printed Name]

Here are some tips for making the reading experience easy for the reader:

Use clear and concise language.

Avoid jargon and technical terms.

Use simple sentence structures.

Use active voice rather than passive voice.

Use short paragraphs.

Use headings and subheadings to organize your thoughts.

Use bullet points or numbered lists to highlight important information.

Proofread your letter carefully before submitting it.

Making the reading experience easy for readers

Use clear and concise language. Avoid using jargon or technical terms that the reader may not understand. If you must use a technical time, define it clearly.

Use a logical structure. Your letter should have a clear beginning, middle, and end. The beginning should introduce the patient and the purpose of the letter. The middle should provide relevant medical information. The end should summarize the letter’s main points and make any recommendations.

Use linking words and phrases. Linking words and phrases help to create a smooth flow of text and makes it easier for the reader to follow your argument. Some common linking words and phrases include:

First, second, third, etc.

In addition, furthermore, moreover, etc.

However, on the other hand, in contrast, etc.

Finally, in conclusion, to sum up, etc.

Use paragraphs. Paragraphs help break up your text and make it easier for the reader to scan and find the information they seek. Each paragraph should focus on one main idea.

Use headings and subheadings. Headings and subheadings can be used to further break up your text and make it easier for the reader to find the information they are looking for. Headings should be clear and concise and accurately reflect the content of the paragraph or section they are heading.

Proofread your work carefully. Before you submit your letter, proofread it carefully for any grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors. A well-written letter will make a good impression on the reader and make it easier for them to understand your message.


Each writing task in the OET Writing test has a specific purpose. Whether it is to inform, persuade, recommend, or request, it is essential to identify and address the purpose effectively. Tailor your response accordingly to achieve the intended outcome. Understanding the purpose of the task allows you to frame your writing appropriately and engage the reader effectively.

Avoid common language Mistakes


Content plays a pivotal role in the OET Writing test. Addressing all relevant points in the case notes and task instructions is crucial. Use accurate and concise information supported by relevant examples to demonstrate your understanding of the scenario. Ensure you prioritize the most pertinent information while avoiding unnecessary or irrelevant details.

Conciseness and Clarity:

In healthcare communication, conciseness and clarity are paramount. Use clear and precise language to express your thoughts effectively. Avoid unnecessary repetition or ambiguity in your writing. Focus on straightforwardly conveying your message, allowing the reader to comprehend the information you present quickly. Clarity and conciseness enhance the effectiveness of your communication.

Genre and Style:

Each task in the OET Writing test requires you to adapt your writing to a specific genre and style. Familiarise yourself with the conventions of different genres, such as referral letters, discharge summaries, or healthcare articles. Consider the appropriate tone and technique required for each task. Adapting your writing to the expected genre and style will ensure that your response meets the assessment criteria and effectively communicates your ideas.

Organization and Layout:

Organizing your writing coherently and logically is essential for effective communication. Divide your response into paragraphs, each addressing a specific point or subtopic. This allows for a clear structure and easy comprehension of your ideas. Consider using headings, bullet points, or numbering when appropriate to enhance the organization and layout of your writing. A well-structured piece makes navigating and understanding your content more accessible for the reader.


Language proficiency is vital to the OET Writing test: Utilise medical terminology, accurate grammar, and appropriate vocabulary to showcase your language skills. Demonstrate your ability to convey complex ideas clearly and precisely. Avoid using slang or colloquial language that may be deemed inappropriate in a professional healthcare context. Your language choices should align with the expected standards of healthcare communication.


The OET Writing test is assessed based on specific criteria. These criteria include purpose, content, conciseness and clarity, genre and style, organization and layout, and language. Understanding the scoring criteria lets you align your writing with the assessors’ expectations. Pay attention to each criterion and strive to meet the required standards for a higher score.

How to become a better learner 

Tips for Achieving a High Score:

  • Practice regularly under timed conditions to improve your writing speed and accuracy.
  • Analyse sample OET Writing tasks and model responses to understand the expectations.
  • Seek feedback from tutors, mentors, or native English speakers to identify areas for improvement.
  • Pay attention to grammar, spelling, and punctuation to enhance the overall quality of your writing.

Additional Tips for Nurses:

Nurses face unique challenges in the OET Writing test. Consider the nursing-specific terminology, procedures, and documentation conventions that may be relevant to the given tasks. Emphasize the principles of patient-centred care, interdisciplinary collaboration, and ethical considerations in your responses. When appropriate, incorporate nursing frameworks, such as the nursing process or evidence-based practice.


Mastering the OET Writing test requires skills, preparation, and practice. By understanding the components of the trial, including reading time, writing time, task instructions, purpose, content, conciseness and clarity, genre and style, organization and layout, language, scoring, and utilising the provided tips, you will be well-equipped to excel in this assessment. Continuous practice, feedback, and improvement are the keys to achieving a high score. With determination and focused effort, you can confidently navigate the OET Writing test and pave the way for a successful healthcare career.

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Tiju's Academy

We provide friendly, professionally qualified and experienced trainers who help you to achieve your desired score. We also offer flexible and convenient timings which allow you to study even in your busy schedule. Listening and reading sessions are taken unlimitedly by specially trained tutors; therefore, they explain tips and strategies in each session which help to acquire your required score.

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